As we know that India is the 2nd most populated country in the world. Where there is a large amount of population live, there is a great possibility regarding land disputes. Land records are a major part of the economy of such a large country, thus land records play the major roles in land disputes.
When we talk about the land disputes what suddenly strikes to our mind are land records. As we know that the government of India provides a specific act to establish land disputes. And now when digitalization of everything is growing faster, then why not land record can be digitalized? Technology is serving everything in the hands of people, so land record can also be the part of the same technology, which is faster and time-saving.
Today we are living in the generation of technology. The digital world is surprising us every day with the benefit of it. As we know that the land record are not only part of the Indian economy but also one of the major part of Indian history.
When we take a look at the land record system in the ancient history we found that the records been saved in the large books and heavy books and files, kept in the large unit and that takes a lot of space too, it was a time-consuming process, but after the technology grows it becomes an easy and time-saving task for the new generation of human revolution.
For example, the government of Delhi decided to computerized and digitalized the bulekh records online named bhulekh/apna khata online. Southwest Delhi was the first district to be recorded land online, now the Delhi land records are available for the common people. In the March 2018 land records of the 192 villages has been digitalized, The government of Delhi also made provisions for every district of Delhi to be recorded online. there are 224 villages in Delhi at present has to be digitalized online. Thus it can be considered as one of the revolutions in the field of land record.
What is land record?
A land record can be considered as the registration of the land. Record of rights, crop inspection register, dispute cases register etc are the major parts of the land record. Where there is also the geographical size, shape and soil type of land and economic information like irrigation and crops etc are also included.
National land records modernization programme (NLRMP) for modernization of the land records was launched by the central government in the year 2008. Now, this programme is famously known as Digital India land records modernization programme (DILRMP).
This programme is all about the digitalization of land records includes mutation, digitalization of maps, integration of textual, survey, re-survey, settlement of the disputes, spatial data, computerization of registration and its integration with land records maintenance system, information about capacity building and geospatial information system.
Many Indian states have digitalized their land records Madhya Pradesh (mp land records), Rajasthan (apna khata), Chhattisgarh, Maharashtra (MahaBulekh), Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Uttarakhand, West Bengal, and Delhi.
Some of the benefits of digitalizing land records.
Time-saving: one of the main advantage or benefit of the digitalization of the land records is that it is one the time-saving process, as you can check the land records in your computer or even in a mobile phone. It is one of the great benefits of technology.
Create transparency: The new system aims to implement a land-titling system with title guarantee in order to protect land records and make them tamper-proof, thus avoiding disputes and litigation. digitalization of the land records creates transparency between the system and the public. It will also help in reducing the cases of corruption as well. When all the land records are open to the general public there is a high percentage of the creation of transparency among the system and the general public.
Easy to maintain: as digitalization of the land records is easy to view, it is easy to maintain also. Digitalized land records are easy to maintain as in this generation of the technically sound world digitalization eliminates chances of any grievance caused due to delays, it ensures smooth maintenance.
How to check Land records Online?
Let us take an example. The details of land records of southwest Delhi. Let us take a look at how to check land records step by step.
For example khata no. 108, jia sarai 1, Hauz Khas, New Delhi 110016
Step 1: visit the official page of the land records of your state. For Delhi click on the link
Step 2: Now, select the district or sub-division where the land is situated. Now, in the present case land is situated at jia sarai in Hauz Khas.
Step 3: Select the tehsil or village, which is jia sarai 1, then select the khata type, landholders most likely the bhumidars, those landholders who have permanent, heritable and transferable rights to their land holdings. Asami is the category of tenants or subtenants who held land from gaon samaj. Their rights are heritable, non-permanent and non-transferable.
Step 4: For the details, you can search with the help of khasra number or the name of the owner. We selected khata number 108.
Step 5: When you click on view khata details you will get the required details which also include the details of a portion of land held by each owner. Khasra number and the area of the land. Remarks pertaining to any loan undertaken or property being leased out are also mentioned under a separate section. In the present case, it talks about a gift deed which is a document signifying the voluntary transfer of a property without any monetary exchange.
You can also proceed further for the khatuni details. So this was all about the Land Record.